Vascular Specialists

Vein Care Consultation

Vein Care Consultation

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What causes vascular diseases?

A vascular disease is a condition that affects the arteries or veins. Most often, vascular disease affects blood flow. This happens because the blood vessels become blocked or weakened. Or it happens because the valves in the veins get damaged. Organs and other body structures may be damaged by vascular disease if blood flow is decreased or fully blocked.

These 3 vascular diseases are among the main causes of illness and death in the U.S:

  1. Heart attack (coronary artery disease)
  2. Stroke (cerebrovascular disease)
  3. Loss of limb or use of limb (peripheral arterial disease)

These 3 diseases can all be linked to the same cause: atherosclerosis. This is a buildup of plaque in the inner lining of an artery. Plaque is made up of fatty substances, cholesterol, cell waste products, calcium, and fibrin. These 3 vascular diseases are all linked to the same risk factors.

Atherosclerosis is a long-term (chronic) vascular disease that gets worse over time and affects the whole body. It affects: the

  • The major blood supply to the brain (carotid arteries)
  • The blood supply to the heart (coronary arteries)
  • The peripheral arteries

Weight loss, regular exercise, and a healthy diet work well to lower high blood pressure. A weight loss of about 5% of your total body weight may lower your blood pressure. This can also help make blood pressure medicines work better. Getting 2½ hours each week of moderate aerobic physical activity can help lower your risk of high blood pressure. This includes things like brisk walking, pushing a lawn mower, ballroom dancing, or water aerobics.

Blood pressure medicines may be used to help control high blood pressure. Your provider will prescribe the right medicines for your needs. There are several types of medicines that act in different ways to lower blood pressure.